『青空文庫』にある作品を『Google Translate』で英訳してみました。



In my imagination, it was a long time ago that the Xinjiang Festival had been held on the 23rd day of the moon of the last quarter, but it happened that the second day of the year had become the 23rd day of the new calendar. I think it was a coincidence.


Daishi lecture


How is this 23rd day handled in rural areas?


[When I was young, the word Nijuso remained faintly in my hometown Yodogawa.


There was no event as in other festivals, and for children it did not change every day, but there was a day called Nijuso.


We call it vulgar and bad, such as Nejiguso.


This event on the 23rd of November, the night of the so-called Shimotsuki, is still an important event when going to the east of Yodogawa, Mitsuka, and Kasai.


From the Chubu region to the eastern prefectures, the Hokuriku region, and the Sanin area from Tajima to the west, near Shimane, this day is called the Daishi lecture, and it is linked to stories from Kobo Daishi and former three Daishi.


On the night of Twenty-Three Nights, a master came to a poor old woman's house, but there was no food to raise anything, so he thought that it was bad and entered the neighboring rice field and stealed the ear of rice. There are narratives such as that they went on, or that they had taken the radish from the next wall and served it to the master.


The old woman had a foot that looked like a pestle, so it was easily understood by the footsteps, so the lord satiated her will, snowed it, and hid the footsteps.


Or in the Tohoku region, there is a legend that Daishi used a long chopstick because there were twenty-three female children, and each child couldn't reach their hands to give food.


For this reason, the rice bowls and dumplings offered on this day have a custom of attaching two long chopsticks, and there are many traditions that have nothing to do with so-called historical masters and princes.


Also, Daishi had many children and was poor, so there was no salt to put in the bowl on the 23rd.


In some areas, salt is not added to the bowls that are served only on this day because they went out to buy it and collapsed due to a snowstorm.


In November and the lunar calendar, if the weather was already bad, it was snowing, and the night was a lonely season, it would have been made by changing the shape in the hearth. It is.


In Hyogo Prefecture and Tajima villages, there was a good report that the beasts of the mountain came down the mountain on this three nights of Shimotsuki to have a festival this evening.


In Kafu-gun, Gifu Prefecture, there are few Shingon Buddhism and there are many temples of Zen Buddhism.


In the land, we have a close relationship with Kobo-sama, but it is still on the 23rd of November.


Mr. Kazuhiko Sano, formerly a professor at Kobe University, lived in the nearby Ibuka village, and there was a very detailed report on the situation in Imura.


Taishi is the eldest son and eldest daughter, and when he hits the kanji, he becomes a big cub. It may also have been that the spirit was the precious Son of God.


Before I knew the word on the calendar of the winter solstice, it was the time when the joyous season of warm sunlight began, so I imagined it as the birth of a powerful and graceful son of God. I think that.


The winter solstice is not only in China.


Even in the West, Christmas is not a coincidence that it originated in the winter solstice festival before Christianity and made it the day of Christ's birth.


Occasionally, Shinshu Festival in Miyanaka is on the 23rd of November 11th of the New Year. I think that this 23rd was a rice harvesting festival in the first month after harvesting rice.


In other words, regarding the rice festival centering on the 23rd of November, the two old and new calendars overlapped and become more complicated. I think it was the day when we started eating, and the light of Yutaka was a celebration of that day.




Nowadays, the shochu, which is made up of cones on Karita's traces, adds a taste to the countryside. They were piled up in rice fields, dried and preserved there, and the gods of the rice field were celebrated.