文学その7

『青空文庫』にある作品を『Google Translate』で英訳してみました。

信濃桜の話:柳田國男(1-25)/127

信濃桜の話

Shinano Sakura Story

柳田國男

Kunio Yanagita

 子供が桃や柿の芽生えを見つけて来て、庭の片隅に栽ゑて置くやうな心持で、棄てもせず忘れてもしまはず、時々来て見るといふ程度の問題が、私には十ばかりも有る。

Children should find seedlings of peaches and persimmons and put them in one corner of the garden, and they should not forget them, or forget about them. There is also.

いつ実がなるといふ当ては無いが、是でもたゞの野生とはちがつて、僅かながら人間の意図が籠つて居る。

There is no telling when it will come to fruition, but unlike the other wild, it has a slight human intent.

誰かゞ引取つて育てゝくれるまで、目じるしの棒でも立てゝ置かうといふだけのものゝ、是はその一つである。

This is one of the only things that you can put up with a stick of a mark until someone can pick it up and raise it.

 十年ほど前に世に出した信州随筆といふ本の中に、私はしだれ桜の大きなのが信州に多いといふことを書いた。

In Shinshu's essay and tofu book that was released around ten years ago, I wrote that there are many weeping cherry trees in Shinshu.

しかしそれから気を付けて見ると、それは決して爰だけには限らず、少なくとも京都から東では諸処方々に老木のしだれがあり、その在り処も神社仏閣、その他霊地と謂つてよいやうな場所が多いことは、信州とあまりかはりが無い。

However, if you look carefully after that, it is not limited to only love, but there are many weeping trees in various prescriptions, at least from Kyoto to the east. That's not much like Shinshu.

たとへば近頃読んで見た駿国雑志でも、静岡附近には名木の糸桜がある寺院が幾つもあり、江戸でも上野の護国院、芝の増上寺を始めとし、大きなしだれ桜のあつたといふ寺が、六七ヶ所も列挙せられて居た。

Even in the Sudoku magazine that I read recently, there are several temples in Shizuoka with the famous cherry tree thread cherry blossoms, and in Edo there is a large weeping cherry tree Atatsutoifu temple, including the Gokokuin Temple in Ueno and Zojoji Temple in Shiba. However, 67 places were also listed.

これ等は大抵はもう滅失して居るやうだが、最近に私の行つて見た多摩川対岸の、乞田の吉祥院の門の傍に在るのなどは、高さ五六丈もあるかと思ふ見事な大木で、しかも些しも老い朽ちては居なかった。

These things are almost gone, but it's spectacular that they are as tall as 56 gates on the opposite bank of the Tama River that I saw recently, next to the gate of Kichijoin in Beeda. It was a big tree, and it wasn't a little old.

残念なことには、ちやうど花の盛りに逢ふといふことが少ないので、たゞしだれと謂つても同じ種類のものか、否かといふことを確かめることが出来ない。

Unfortunately, there are not so many encounters in the flower arrangement of Chiya Udo, so it is not possible to confirm whether it is the same kind of tadashi or soda.

この点が先づ気になるので、まだ進んで分布の道筋を尋ねて見ようとする勇気が起らなかつたのである。

This point made me anxious, so I didn't have the courage to go ahead and inquire about the distribution path.

 しかしたゞ伐り残されてそこに在るといふだけのものとしては、余りにも其場所がきまつて居り、又枝ぶりや花の姿の特色が著し過ぎる。

However, as the only thing that remains there after being cut down, there are too many places, and the features of the branches and flowers are too remarkable.

やはり何処かに元木があり、接木取木の法があり、又は種を拾ひ実生を育てる手数があり、之を遠近に運ぶ労働があつて、今のやうに弘い地域に行渡つたものと想像せられる。

After all, there is a root tree somewhere, there is a method of grafting trees, or there is a labor to pick up seeds and raise seedlings, labor to carry things in the distance, I went to the now Hirohiro area. It can be imagined.

信州で始めてこの花に私が心づいたといふことは偶然に過ぎないけれども、外からわざ/\この山国へ、持込んだといふ場合は考へにくいから、或はひよつとすると原産地といふべきものが、どこか此地方に有るのかも知れぬと思つて居た。

It is only a coincidence that I first noticed this flower in Shinshu, but it was difficult to think if I brought it from the outside to this mountain country. I thought that it might be in this area somewhere.

ちやうどさういふ折柄に、図らずも信濃桜といふ名の花があることを私は知つたのである。

I knew that the Chino-Udosa Uifori pattern had the flower of the Shinano Sakura and Ifu name.

それが果して信州で自分が見て居るあの大木のしだれ桜と、同じ種類のものだつたかどうかといふことは、当然に問題にならずには居ない。

As a result, whether or not the same kind of weeping cherry tree that I saw in Shinshu was the same kind of thing, of course, is not a problem.

さうして是もどうやら花のうつくしい、且つ見事に成長する糸桜だつたらしいことが、少しづゝ判つて来たのである。

By the way, I have gradually come to understand that it seems that the flowers are beautiful and that the cherry blossoms that are growing brilliantly are beautiful.

今でも信濃桜といふ名を知つて居る人が、京都以外の地にも居るであらうか。

I wonder if there is a person who knows Shinano Sakura even if it is in a place other than Kyoto.

此点を何とかして尋ねて見たいと念じ始めたのも其為である。

It is for this reason that I somehow started to want to ask and see this point.

 始めてこの信濃桜の名を見付けたのは、先年平泉澄氏等の手で校訂活刷した後法興院記近衛|准后政家といふ人の、寛正永正年間(一四六六―一五〇五)の日記である。

For the first time, the name of this Shinano cherry tree was found after the editorial printing of the post-Hokkoin Kimono, which was edited and edited by Mr. Sumi Hiraizumi last year. It is a diary of 55).

乱世にも拘らず、珍しく庭苑花木に関する記事の多い日記だが、一つには時代一般の趣味であり殊に蹴鞠が上流の間に流行して居たので、それに伴なうていはゆる懸りの樹の好みが、枝垂れた柳や桜の移植を促したものかと思ふ。

Despite the turbulent times, it is a diary with many articles about garden garden flowers and trees, but one of them is a hobby of the general era, especially Kemari, which was popular during the upstream, so it is a slow matter. I think that the tree's preference encouraged the transplanting of weeping willows and cherry blossoms.

先づ最初に文明十六年十月廿四日の条に、前庭植信乃桜十本とあるが、是は其前年に家を新築した為なので、旧い住居の方でも前庭桜花盛開といふ記事が屡※見えるから、元来が花の多い家だつた。

First of all, in the article on the 4th day of October, 18th civilization, there are ten cherry trees in the vestibule Ueno Shinobu, but since I built a new house in the previous year, even the old dwellers have an article about the cherry blossoms in the vestibule.屡 * Because it can be seen, it was originally a house with many flowers.

それから十五年ほどの後明応七年の九月にも、屏中門の外へ信濃桜四五本を移植したとあり、更に同十年にも何本かの信濃桜を、取寄せて栽ゑさせた記事が見え、是には鞠の家元の飛鳥井家の主人が参与して居る。

About 15 years later, in September of Meiji 7th year, it was said that 45 Shinano cherry trees were transplanted outside the Byo-mon gate, and in the same decade, some Shinano cherry trees were ordered. You can see the article that was published, and the owner of the Asukai family, who is the head of Imari's family, is participating in this.

鞠の庭の周囲であつたかどうかは明らかでないが、ともかくもこの家には桜が多く、それが信濃桜といふ種類のものだつたことだけは是で判るのである。

It is not clear if it was around the garden of Mari, but anyway, it is clear that there are many cherry trees in this house, which is a type of Shinano cherry tree.

 この木が確かにしだれ桜であつたといふ証拠は、単に同じ日記の中に、前庭の糸桜といふ条が多いだけで無く、他にもまだ幾つか求められると思ふ。

I think that the evidence that this tree was indeed a weeping cherry tree is not only due to the fact that there are many thread cherry trees and ifujou in the front yard in the same diary, but there are still some other requirements.