『青空文庫』にある作品を『Google Translate』で英訳してみました。



At the beginning of the Meiji era, it is a kind of thing like Ikekei.


The story is widespread, but Kazusa and Shimosa are written as a pass and the leopard is the sound of the mark.


The mark is shime.


It is also a Tsukushi of the mio mark.


This is an old word that means Sakai.


Before I knew it, I read something like a leopard.


This is also the same example as in Echigo and other areas such as Okuno, as it was started by local lawyers and lawyers involved in writing.


It is true that Okono means a cultivated land in the wilderness, and in the memoir "Tamagawa | Showa" by Ota | There is something that says Shinjuku's box office offers seven years of wilderness.


In other words, as a right of those who invest capital and indigenous to Shinjuku here, it is a diploma that they will treat it like wilderness for seven years after the land becomes a mansion or a field.


In the terms of today's land regulations, it is a kind of incentive for land clearing during the period of land value deferral.


This was also true in Nitta, a posterity.


In addition, the reason for using various other amusement characters to avoid the wilderness characters is that Ara is an ominous character that means a bad crop, which is the same example where Hida's Arashi-gun was changed to Yoshijo-gun. ..


Another method of encouraging clearing was, in particular, a plan to permanently maintain the tax-exempt system.


It has also been called a contractor or a contractor since ancient times.


In addition, the village names such as Hei Village, Heemun Village, etc. mean the regions where it is stipulated under the above-mentioned conditions that no more than a slightly light amount is permanently added.


However, after the land becomes a mature rice field similar to Honda and rights are transferred frequently, imbalanced imposition between old and new fields is economically harmful, so set a period as much as possible. Instead of conducting an inspection at the end of the period, it is the seven-year wilderness and ten-year wilderness on the right to leave it as tax-free until then.


From the side of the cultivator, it is said that he receives a rope for the end of the year's inspection.


The names in large letters, such as the number of years rope and the year of the rope, were immediately named after this fact.


I think that the common noun, such as rope, is used to mean a long road since it was originally a trunk line for geodetic purposes.


ㆍIn areas such as the Kansai region where the population is dense and the limit of the village is small, it was necessary to restrict the branch house that accompanied it even though encouragement of clearing.


It is a natural result that there are many place names with the standard of doors, such as the present-day house, Shinjo family, and new mansion, as the place names of the Shinkai area.


In other words, under the pressure of population growth, farmers want to build a branch house as much as their financial resources allow.


Thus, since it was the first time for a large-scale clearing business to obtain a patent for a new home, the place name revealed such an important fact.


The Kanto region, which has abundant mountains and mountains, has no place name of this kind.


Despite the fact that the names of many villages each mean clearing, as shown on the right, the type of village can tell the age of the village's establishment and the local economic situation at that time.


If you go to the southern part of Kyushu, each village has a place name of Buu and Bep.


Although it is written as Beppu, the pronunciation of Kagoshima prefecture can be heard as biyu.


This place name is really many, and it might have been interpreted as if it was a little small now, or as a villa for an old local government (Higo Kunishi actually says so), but fortunately there are many. Is.


There are many places in one village.


Even today, the locals know that this view means Shinkai or Kizo.


However, the explanation as to why Shinkai is proposed to Beppu is rather complicated.


The view is that Beufu is written today as Beppu, but it is originally a different sign.


The mark means a prime minister's mark, that is, a patent issued by the prime minister.


The new establishment of the manor is always due to the power of the official mansion, but it is another thing that the main manor has already prospered sufficiently and later the second official manger expands the surrounding mountain field.


In other words, it means an additional cultivated patent and a cultivated land.


The additional cultivated land was recognized as being more difficult to succeed, and I think the conditions were more generous.