『青空文庫』にある作品を『Google Translate』で英訳してみました。



 I try to divide this old place name into two parts and call the relatively new name "occupied place name".


In other words, when a person divides a vast mountainous area and says that this is his or her own, it always has another place name.


There are a few examples of inventing a good name for a person who likes things because there is not much need for an occupied place name at one time, but it is not easy to force a large number of people to have a certain hobby or idea. Was trying to adopt another preexisting thing on the land.


The place name before this occupation is naturally not a local place name.


It is not necessarily a small feature such as Shimizu or rock, and sometimes it has a fairly spacious extension, but the fact that the boundary is indefinite is the same as the name of the sea such as Genkai or Hibiki Nada.


I intend to collectively call such a "use place name".


There are some familiar differences in the names of places of use, from those aimed at travel water transport by mere distant view, to those collected from the species of Uluizawa and Takanosuyama, but anyway Thanks to the negotiations, which had created names one by one as many times as needed, he did not feel any particular inconvenience when he finally decided a new name by possession.


I think that what is often of interest to scholars of geography is probably the increase and change in the names of these places of use.


At present, most of them are adopted as occupied place names of certain times or are followed by divided place names, so it is necessary to consider this in the state at the time of occurrence, as long as it does not even enter the mountains. I can't.


This point is one of the reasons why it is difficult to take the meaning of our place name compared with the place names such as Ainu.


For example, there is a rare rock called Kagamiiwa, which was originally called a Kagamiiwa by travelers, but a person who later monopolized the surrounding forests adopted it as the name of my land. If so, there is no mirror rock feature throughout the area.


Since it is a rock, it remains for a long time, but if it is a tree, it may die, and if it is a bird or insect, it may fly away and not come again.


The larger the expansion of such a place name, the easier it is for the purpose of naming to be hidden. Therefore, the origin of the names of counties and towns and villages cannot be fully inferred only by comparing maps and arranging photographs.


This was the reason why we emphasized preservation and confirmation of our small names.



 The reason for the occurrence of the place name was that there was a clear change in the era as stated to the right.


Even now, it is not said that new miners and mountaineering groups will deal with so-called use place names, but it is usually unnecessary duplication and there is little hope that people will approve and convey for a long time. ..


The reason is that there is already a place name in the place, and all of them are region names that are divided into small areas, and there is no room for new interruptions.


Since the conventional place name was deeply familiar to the residents and its purpose was more appropriate, it is quite possible that the new one cannot replace it.


However, we do not necessarily devise this for this reason, but if possible we will follow the existing one and expand its usage, so that even with the same divided place name old and new ones, Different things mixed up, making it difficult to explain using only one method.


Therefore, in the classification from now on, first remove a little complicated things of the purpose of naming aside, and among the things that may have existed before people occupied the area, those that are known to come I think that if we take away one after another, eventually only what we want to know will naturally tell its meaning.


 Specifically speaking, there are quite a lot of place names such as rice fields and mansions, but this is because we named the features after the land became rice fields and became mansions.


As for the so-called mounds, stones, and rocks, the names used to be Irizuka and rocks were also used, so you can leave them to the person who examines the nomenclature of mounds and rocks.