『青空文庫』にある作品を『Google Translate』で英訳してみました。



I was most surprised when I saw "Iki-Kokuzoku Fudoki".


Although this island has only a slightly larger inland village area, its place name is filled with several manuscripts, and everywhere, everywhere, there is an uninhabited small shore of Nagisa beach. ..


Moreover, what should be different is only that it is the land of flat turnouts that has left the hillside, and if there is a field of rice or a field that people cultivate, there are examples like this in every region, so it will take a long time. Although it can be said that I was able to do so, I can not help thinking about how to reach such a huge number.


Therefore, it is a mysterious story that the place name is still neglected for that reason.

二 地名研究の資料

2 Place name research materials


In the first year of the Meiji era, some small villages in Japan had already been abolished, but even in the era of "place name index", there were more than 190,000 Japanese towns and villages.


That's almost the city of today.


Characters are divided into large letters, but this is much less than before.


As a result of the land length, when a uniform map for one minute to one minute was installed in the whole country, it was difficult to view it with one piece, so I made a cutout map that was divided appropriately.


It seems that today's so-called letters are usually matched with the cutouts, but for the slightly larger ones of the previous letters, the old name was used, or this was divided into upper, lower, north, south, etc. The character names of the subdivision disappeared from the public document at that time because the letters of the sub-region were merged, and one of them or a new place name was devised to form the letter of the cutout map. There are many things.


Moreover, the old letters were not the smallest place names.


In many regions, this was divided into smaller letters and called small letters. However, under each letter or small letter, there were still a few brushes called Taba and Hatake in their respective names.


It is now a place name known only to the owner and his relatives.


It has been called "Myosho" since ancient times.


In the days when there was no number on the land, there was no choice but to indicate the object with the item of the land and the name of the land for sale and sale.


Because it is convenient to call a famous place for both rice planting and Kayairi, it is still useless for farmers who have cultivated land everywhere.


The mansion also had its name.


In the Kanto Tohoku region, the common names of the masters are sometimes used as they are, such as Gohei Don and Sakusanko, but in the old Kinki and central areas, places such as Katsuramoto and Nishigakiuchi are named after their place of residence. I use it and confuse it with the trade name.


In Nebara, both the village name and the name of Tana are exactly place names, and at times they are shared in a wider area with small letters. These are much more valuable sources of information, and therefore need to be recorded before being forgotten vainly.


Moreover, these tens of millions of small names were accidentally preserved in the inspections and hand-over certificates after the second-hand use, and there were no attempts to collect them.


However, as soon as preparations for land tax revision were made during the first eight years of Meiji Era, a number of land names were abolished and many place names were abolished at the same time. Made by hand nationwide.


Unfortunately, I couldn't make a duplicate because it was so big a manuscript.


When the Geographic Department reduced in size and later moved to the administration of the Cabinet Records Division, I was placed in a room in the Bunka University in Tokyo by the time I was aware of it.


There were no catalogs in the next hundreds of volumes, each of which was named Korimura magazine on the cover, and not only did it have a catalog, but no one admitted the value as a single person.


Finally, I encountered a bonfire of the 12th year of Taisho and returned to the ashes.


Twenty years ago, however, it was a fact that the book wasn't complete anymore, or it wasn't clear whether the whole country did not start from the beginning or was scattered in later years. I've seen dozens of other books from the Kumamoto prefecture rented out on the bookshelf of the research institute, so I couldn't find three or five books from the dead sites of scholars, etc. It doesn't have to come.