『青空文庫』にある作品を『Google Translate』で英訳してみました。



The word Ono is older than the place name Ohno.


In the vicinity of Suo and Nagato, there are so many Ono place names that I think that they are probably still used as ordinary nouns.


There are innumerable Ono in all four sides of Kyoto, among them, which are located in the west of Lake Biwa, but had been the resident's family name even before the capital city.


Moreover, the famous clan of this clan, the tombstone of the Onoge people, are found all over Kyoto.


The Kyoto of Yamashiro itself was actually a single Ono before.


It would be no wonder to name it Ono if there was a suitable field around the surrounding highlands that shielded from the outside world and settled down to the size of a clan of that era.


When the house splits and becomes smaller, and once the land of Katsukatsu is already occupied, the desire of people also becomes smaller, and gradually asks for the water source, and it is a little mountain like the back of Yase and Ohara. I was satisfied with my Ono, so when I was still not satisfied, I crossed a ridge and moved down to Omi, and finally lived in the fields and fields all over the country, one reason to disperse many Ono. I made it.


The circumstances of the establishment of the village names Otani and Otani were very similar.


The discrimination between Tani and Ono is, as it were, the cause of the dialect, which is like the habit of local terminology, and it is difficult to explain the distinction in essence.


In a world where geographic surveying is still unsettled, Hara is still a barrier even without trees, and it was difficult enough to cross a lake.


On top of that, as the external world becomes more anxious, people didn't like to fall and take it until the modern era, and they still traced the sound of water back to Kawakami.


It was unavoidable that the valley gradually became smaller.


The place name of Kawachi seems to have been named from the downstream.


If there is a place where valley water often stagnates and creates some flat land, someday only people who climb up and overflow below will live.


In Shinshu, it was called Mizuuchi, and in Oshu, it was Kawauchi, that is, it was almost independent of Ono.


Alternatively, there are regions called Kamachi.


The hot springs of Koshi located at the entrance of Shirakawa in Fukushima Prefecture and Koshigaya in the depths of Kamaishi, Iwate Prefecture, are clearly distinguished from Kawauchi, but they were originally one if they were not known from the topography.


In Kyushu, bears (kumas) also hit this, or it is Ogawachi who is also called Fukura, and it is said that the cranes (Tsuru) will be the place of sudden siege that surrounds the so-called basin. Once said.


Like the Toro of Toro of Kitayama River in Kumano, I think that the vine was a quiet water that had fallen into a waterfall and had been flooding for a while. It seems to mean a convenient place for flowing fish, such as a bowl.


Even in eastern Japan, there are the prefectures of Tsuru in Koshu and Mt. Izuruyama in Shimono, and it seems that the term originally used throughout the country.


In this way, there were many Kawauchis in Japan that would not be able to enter without crossing the mountain of Nijisori of Nisato Sanri.


The people who lived in it also called it Oguni.


There are several small countries even in Dewa and Echigo.


Whether or not there was a former generic name, or whether it was forgotten, this is clearly a so-called post-name place.


Moreover, what should be old in that period was not only from the words, but the subdivision was rather wide and even daily salt could even produce salt on the land, and they were self-praised, like the hidden village of Wuling Togen. This is because it makes me feel there is a reason.


These local place names deserve special attention.


Prior to human invasion, there was probably no place name older than that, and many place names were rather post-indigenous work, thus demonstrating what attributes of medieval nomenclature were. Because it may not be possible.


▽ Needless to say, the second failure of the plain pioneering was to move away from water.


Rice is absolutely necessary for people who worship God.


The flow of Nogawa was also the only bookmark of traffic, but even those who had the courage to enter a small country and hide without suffering from it, hesitated to run rice fields relying on the rain.


Some of the so-called rain-fed fields today may have had Shimizu later on, but more than that is the change in the area of open swamps.