『青空文庫』にある作品を『Google Translate』で英訳してみました。



Natural puddle is sober and plain that it is a considerable temptation to install it, but if the water level goes down a little, it must dry quickly and roughen the arable land.


On the other hand, this kind of terrain, on the other hand, is just as convenient as the steepness of a rocky mountain, so the people can live in the wilderness even after suffering from the inconvenience for a long time.


The fact that many of the villages are named after the swamps means that, based on these two reasons, budding farmers, following Ono and the valley, paid their attention to this area.


By no means did he adopt such a name by accident.


However, because of later changes and freedom of movement, it seems that this kind of place name tended to be incompatible with the terrain.

五 開墾と地名

Five settlements and place names


If we now understand the meaning of the word "kaikai" even more broadly than the existing local regulations, and include all the acts of people who improve natural foundations, the name of a place in any country is related to it. It's okay to say that rare things are rare.


Indeed those who enter the mountains for hunting or for harvesting will also mark the land because of the need for a goal, or by old or foreign trees, by terrain or by the sound of water.


Like the people of today, it would not be possible to add unholy codes such as a and b.


However, in order for one code to become a permanent place name, it requires the unity of many people.


While each person has his or her own sign, that is, there is no place name yet.


Before the name is decided, people have to talk over and over again about the place.


Most of the time, it is not enough to establish a place name because it is difficult to negotiate with the social life by entering twice or three times a year for temporary collection.


This is why the place name suddenly occurs when the land is occupied by an individual.


Therefore, the number of place names is never proportional to the size of the land, and is not always proportional to the number of people because of the small number of people giving names.


A quiet person who likes things tries to attach as many place names as possible.


For example, the used Zen Buddhist Osho has set up ten temples and twelve views in the temple grounds, and nearby Kinmochi Oku has a place name like Tang on the mountain water in Shiobara. Since it is a business, it will be annihilated for a long time.


Contrary to this, when the population proliferates and disperses and opens up the soil everywhere, a place name occurs most naturally, a person died, and even if the house died, it was transmitted for a long time.


Yamazaki, Kawakami, Kitano, and Nishihara have nothing to do with development, and although some might think it's a simple word for topography, it's not so much.


First of all, not only is it a subjective noun that the direction of the four directions is centered around the residents, but if there was no Tabata or mansion on the edge of the mountain end river, such a place name was not necessary. ..


What is often referred to as the village name or large and small character is Nono or Nohara, that is, the place or field was opened and made into a Tabata. It is none other than that.


The name of the village village that directly means clearing is also used to enumerate from the old name of Jita and Shinya, which was the name of "Wameicho" in the old days, to the large name of the settlement such as Nasuno these days, to the place name of a farm in Hokkaido. For example, the number will exceed 100 species.


There are various hobby place names that should explain the transition of the manor system, so I would like to mention it on another day.


The only place to study here is the name of any place.


If you know that there are large letters such as Kumon name and Kumon name, there is no doubt that the name on the right is the area of Nada, the officer of the manor.


Needless to say, each name of the place is related to the name of Nada, the names of Daimyo and Komyo, and the names of the owners.


However, one may be erroneous whether or not in the original field.


To my conviction, this noun is the beginning of all other words and is a common name for a section of cultivated land.


In Harima and other parts of the Chugoku region, there are large numbers of other names.


Looking at the "Toji Temple Documents," the land called Yano's example name in the temple territory has long been a subject of discussion.


The alias is a word for this example name, and the same applies to the new villa for the main cottage or Bessho/Bespo/Beppu.