『青空文庫』にある作品を『Google Translate』で英訳してみました。



There is also a village called Shinmei.


This is sufficient evidence that the names are common nouns in the family's settlements, but what I would like to say is that many names are called with the name of the settlement.


There are so many annoying examples.


There are a few differences between the old names and the ones now.


It also seems to be a little different from the nobleman of that age.


Most popular were good letters such as Hisashi, Enbu, Kichi, Nori, Sada, Toshi, Yuan, Tomo, Mitsu, and Sou, and the end of the country (season) and the relations of Fuku, Wealth, and Toku (virtues). Some celebrated joy.


It seems that the name of the samurai with a low rank at the time of the manor was the combination of these two letters.


The manor of the landscaping can only be obtained by aristocrats or shrines, but the labor needed to cultivate the landslides had to be sought from the local landlords.


In some cases, there was no rendition of Nada because the influential house undertook it by one hand, but in the place where the manor was large or many samurai were invited due to other circumstances, the occupied land was occupied. Must be divided and given to each person.


That is, the divided land on the right was the name.


This point is exactly the opposite of the modern Nitta development method.


In Nitta in the Tokugawa period, capitalists and workers were separated.


They paid the cost and unified the effort and supervised.


Therefore, it was customary to turn the land into a tabata and then hand it over to each worker.


At the beginning of the manor, the root owner of the land was karate and he was satisfied with only a small amount of interest, and the local subordinates would bring their own labor and capital to respond to the invitation. Therefore, the land was handed over to each person before it was opened.


The reason why the rights of the chief profession were more profitable and stubborn than those of the ordinary peasant profession was because of such a history.


When each person enters a vast unknown grass field and clears it, if there are a large number of consignees, there is no time to figure out an appropriate place name considering the characteristics of the terrain. He named the area with his own real name.


The name of Taromaru, Goromaru, etc., or the village name of Nagoya's one girl, three girls, etc., is also said to be the result of the inheritance of the next generation. , It would have been called with that letter.


Since it is a long-standing convention to use two-letter place names, many of the names were discarded when each area later became an independent territory.


A samurai who lived in the area and changed his name to a family name today laughs at Kunimitsu and Kusue, but people often laugh that their family name is like their name. It became.


In addition, Mr. Tokutomi and Mr. Fukutomi, who are also medieval people, are not strange.


In short, I don't know whether the name of the area in the manor is derived from the name of a person, but anyway, it means the large letters, tsubo/gumi or tactile of today. The term "Daimyo" eventually became a prince because the rights of the scholarship were remarkable, and the name of the lord changed to the mayor's righteousness.


At Iwaya in Awa and Itsuki in Higo, the peasants are still called Nako.


Meiko is the righteous name of the resident's people.


Considering this, there are two types of relationships between place names and family names, and Japan and China are in conflict with each other in principle.


In China, people with surnames Lee make a lie house everywhere, and people with surnames always set up Chenjiazhuang. Oki, I have others call me by the place name of my current residence.


Even if Kumagai moved to Aki and Takeda went to Kazusa and Wakasa, the wind that still seemed Takeda was from the end of the Kamakura period.


In other words, in Japan, the place name was more fixed and the family name moved.


Even though the public knows the relationship between a family name and an existing name, sometimes there is a person who says that he is Yamada Village because Mr. Yamada was there.


The only exception to this is that I think it's a little closer to the Chinese style is the way the place name is attached, as I said on the right.


The surname of the so-called "place of last name" is a family name, and it must mean the place name that became the family name, but the name of the place was also a precious memorial for its descendants. is there.