文学その7

『青空文庫』にある作品を『Google Translate』で英訳してみました。

地名の研究:柳田國男(3625-3661)/3905

そこでそのお礼のため、かつは鉄が今日の問題であるのを機会として、この余白にすこしく各地のタタラを列記しておこうと思う。

So, as a token of my thanks, I would like to take this opportunity to use iron today as an opportunity to list the tatara from each region in this margin.

もちろんこれだけが自分の知る全部ではない。

Of course, this is not all I know.

ただこれほどにも分布しているということを説くまでである。

However, I have to say that it is distributed so much.

このついでに一言したいことは、鉄工所をタタラと称したことは近頃までの事である。

What I would like to add to this point is that the ironworks was called Tatara until recently.

『芸藩通志』巻五十九にも「炉所は鉱山遠からずして炭木の多き地を見立て打ち納むるなり。

In the fifty-ninety-seventh volume of "Geisha Tsushi", "The furnace plant must be set aside from the mine and be seen as a land rich in charcoal.

木|伐り尽せばまた善き場所を撰びて打ち替うるという。

Trees: It is said that if you cut down trees, you can select a good place and change it.

五年八年に木の尽きざる所を択ぶなり云々」とあって、なお備後各郡物産の条に砂鉄鉱のことが詳しく述べてある。

In five years and eight years, it is said that you will choose an endless area of trees.” Furthermore, the iron ore is described in detail in the article of each product in Bingo district.

出雲の鉄鉱のことは『雲陽志』に見えている。

Izumo's iron ore is seen as "Yuyoshi".

筑前糸島郡|怡土村大字|川原には、山神山の中に東蹈鞴・西蹈鞴という地があって、その辺の田を耕せば往々にして鉄屑が出たという(筑前続風土記拾遺)。

Chikuzen-Itoshima-gun | Yasumura-Odai | In Kawara, there is a land called Tokakura and Nishikakura in Yamagamiyama, and when you cultivate the rice fields around it, iron scraps often come out (Chikuzen continued. Fudoki collection).

東国では上州邑楽郡多々良村の多々良沼に、大昔鋳物師が来て蹈鞴を沼の岸に据え、その跡の地名を金糞と称して、今でも金糞が出ることは前にいうたことがある(前項)。

In the eastern country, a caster came to Tararanuma in Tatara village, Jakushu-Ura district, set up Kamakura on the shore of the swamp for a long time ago, and the place name of the place was called gold dung. Sometimes (the previous section).

越後|南蒲原郡|鹿峠村大字|曲谷の字蹈鞴沢は、往古この沢に鍛冶の住せるにより、その山を鉄屑山といい、沢をタタラサワと呼んだと、四年前に出た『嵐渓史』にある。

Echigo|Minami-Kabahara-gun|Rakatoge village large character|Kutani's character Samuraizawa was called Tetsurasawa and was called Tatarasawa four years ago, due to the blacksmith's living in this ancient town. It is in "Arashi Keishi" that came out.

鎌倉理智光寺の西に、鑢場と称する地がある。

To the west of Richikoji Temple in Kamakura, there is a place called Aiba.

『新篇鎌倉志』一には開山願行上人大山不動を鋳た所と称すと記し、『攬勝考』五には、この辺にもとあった大楽寺の本尊不動の鉄像を鋳た所だというとある。

In "Shin Hen Kamakura Shi", it is said that the one who casts Kaizan Yamamoto is called the place where Oyama Fudo was cast. There is.

『松屋筆記』十六に引くところの東大寺造立供養記の文「自春日山、白鳥飛来翔多々羅上、或飛廻火炉之辺、或上‐下炎煙之中云々」とある多々羅も同じくこれで、我々がフイゴ(吹皮)と称している一式の設備を、蹈鞴と呼ぶことは上古以来変らぬのである。

The text of the memorial memorial for the construction of the Todai-ji Temple, which was drawn in "Matsuya Written", is "Takara, Mt. So, it has been the same since ancient times to call the set of equipment that we call Fuigo (brush).

 しこうしてこの語の起りはいわゆる吹皮が穴に当る音の形容にあるかと自分は思うていたが、必ずしもそうでないかとも考えられるのはまず第一に※籥を用いざるただの炉をもタタラといったことである。

Therefore, I wondered if the origin of this word was the so-called sound of the skin blowing into the hole, but the first thing that could be considered to be the case is * even a simple furnace that does not use porridge It's Tatara.

『※嚢抄』に「元三のお薬温むたたらなどは世の始めの物なりしが云々」とあり(和訓栞)、肥前北部で陶器|窯に用いる一種の薪を今でもタタラギという(佐賀県方言辞典)。

In "*Boshisho", "Gensan's medicine-warm tadara, etc. are said to be the first thing in the world" (Wakun Shiori), and pottery in northern Hizen | (Saga dialect dictionary).

次に『新撰字鏡』には「※、公換反、耒金、田器、太々良」とある。

Next, in "Shinsenjikyo", there is "*, scholarship, anti-payment, Taki, Tatai".

『新撰姓氏録』巻二十、山城国諸藩の内に任那から帰化したという多々良公氏というのは、欽明天皇の御宇に来朝して「金多多利金平居等」を献じたゆえに、これを誉めて多々良公の姓を賜った。

Mr. Tatara, who was naturalized from Nina in Yamashiro Kokujohan in the 20th edition of Shinsetsu surname, is due to the fact that he came to the Emperor Kinmei's Imperial Palace in the morning and dedicated "Katada Rihedai, etc." , In honor of this, was given the surname of Tatara.

その多多利というのは※とも線柱とも書いて、糸を巻くために用いる三股の※のごとき物だと言えば、何かこれらの金属品を通じて、同じタタラの称を下すべき仔細があったのかも知れぬ。

The term "multi-profit" is written as * or a wire pole, and when it is said that it is a three-pronged item * used to wind a thread, there was something that should be called the same tatara through these metal items. It may not be.

右の任那には古くは多々羅という地名のあったこと、『書紀』継体天皇二十三年の条などに見えているから、賜姓の伝説はまた単に伝説に過ぎなかったとも見られる。

It can be said that the legend of the surname was also just a legend, because it seems that Nina on the right had a place name of Tatara in the olden days, and that it is seen in the "Shoki" series of Emperor Twenty-three Years. ..

とにかくにこの語原不明なるタタラという語が『書紀』編修の時代すでに蹈鞴という物に当てられており、しかもその語が半島より輸入した者と推測せらるることは、この地名が古く周防・長門・筑前・相模・安房などの海辺に存した事実と合わせて上代鍛刀工芸発達の道筋を語るものではないかと思う。

At any rate, the word Tatara, whose origin is unknown, has already been applied to what is called Kamakura at the time of the Shoji editing, and it is speculated that this word was imported from the peninsula.・I think that it may be a story of the development of the old sword craft along with the fact that it existed on the beach such as Nagato, Chikuzen, Sagami, Abo.

なお前稿「金子屋敷」の一篇を参照せられんことを望む。

In addition, I hope that you will not be able to refer to the first volume of the previous article "Kaneko Yashiki."

筑前|遠賀郡八幡町大字尾倉字多々羅

Chikuzen|Ogata character Otara character Tatara

豊後大野郡大野村大字中原字多々良

Bungo-Ono-gun Ono-mura Large character Nakahara character Tatara

肥前南松浦郡奥浦村大字平蔵字多々良島

Hizen Minami-Matsuura-gun Okuura-mura Large-scale Heizo-character Tatara Island

肥後阿蘇郡山西村大字宮山字多田良

Higo Aso-gun Sannishi-mura Large character Miyayama character Ryo Tada

日向東諸県郡|穆佐村大字上倉永字鑢

Higashi-Higashi-Gun County|Kosamura Oaza Kamikura Eiji

薩摩鹿児島郡谷山村大字下福元字多々良

Satsuma Kagoshima-gun Taniyama Village Large letters Shimofuku original letter Tatara

長門|美禰郡共和村字|嘉万小字タタラ

Nagato|Kyowa Village, Mine-gun|Kaman Small Character Tatara

備後比婆郡|八鉾村大字油木字間平小字鑢

Bingo Hiba-gun|Hachibokomura Otogi Yuki Kidai Madaira Koto

備中|阿哲郡新郷村大字釜字原ノ向小字鉱屋敷

Binchu|Shingo Village, Atetsu District

伯耆西伯郡|大山村大字|鈑戸、鍛戸山

Hoki Seihaku-gun | Oyama Village Oita | Kanto and Mt.

播磨宍粟郡三方村大字公文字タタラ場

Harima Shishiwa-gun Mikata-mura large character Tatara field

信濃北佐久郡志賀村字多々良波

Shinano Kita Saku-gun Shiga Village Character Tatara

上総夷隅郡中川村大字大野字|鑢鞴戸

Kazusa Isumi-gun Nakagawa-mura Large-scale Ono-ji |

下総香取郡大須賀村大字|南敷字多々羅堂

Shimosa Katori-gun Osuka-mura Large-scale character|Nanashiji character Tatara-do

常陸行方郡太田村大字矢幡字タタラ

Hitachikata-gun Ota-mura large character Yahata character Tatara