『青空文庫』にある作品を『Google Translate』で英訳してみました。



Gods on the old shelf


Kunio Yanagita


Gods on the old shelf


There are many regions where the 15th day is called the New Year's holiday, as opposed to the true New Year's day of San-ga.


On the other hand, there is also a place where one of the New Year's Eve is called the big year, and the New Year is especially young.


Then, many waka names like Wakaki Wakamochi are accompanied by many people.


In addition, there are cases in which three days and five days are counted in the Chinese New Year.


There are also traces that the period from 14th to 20th of the bone New Year's Day is inside the Note.


Sixteen days were especially important days.


Therefore, I wonder if the current Matsunouchi was decided later.


It is strange that one year is six and a half months and the other is five and a half months while dividing the year into two seasons, Bon and New Year.


There are still various pairs of rituals in the habit tray and the New Year.


It was not always the case that the Buddha came to worship to wear a hakama called "Bonrei."


Dance and tug of war are currently games, but the methods are still protected.


It is the land that goes to the tray and the things that do on the 15th day of the new year.


I think the first full moon between spring and autumn is probably the reason for seeing this commonality.


Among them, what is especially similar is how to decorate the tray of spirits of the tray and the New Year's shelves, from the procedure for the housekeeper to serve it to the point of collecting and connecting specific plants. ing.


Of course, at present, we interpret one as the throne of the god of fortune and the other as the one that welcomes the gloomy spirit of the ancestors, but this is the result of having the monks teach only the autumn festival, and the word Bon Has changed since it was adopted.


Bon is the place to tell Buddhism to send an offering to a temple.


So if the Bon ritual started with this name, there is an example, but it is actually Japanese style.


What I think there is always a reason to hide is to have twelve pieces of rice tied in a triangle as an offering of Mitamasamahe in one corner of the temporary shelf during both Bon and New Year.


Mitama must be a spirit, but in the Bon area, the guest of honor is already the Buddha of the house. There are many regions.


Then, the explanation of Mitama on the year Shinto shelf will be much more difficult to explain.


Therefore, once a year, God, who has visited homes twice a year, has the question of being a god.


I think it's a god of fortune, so I'll leave the Ikoku Daikoku festival.


Some people imagine it as a beautiful goddess like Benten-sama, but in the old Tohoku countryside, it is the New Year's day that the old man and old woman who appear in Takasago's Noh are welcomed. He also said that he could see him returning on the smoke of his left chief.


When the cold breeze of twilight blew,


Up to new year


Somehow to the bottom of the mountain


What the children were singing in anticipation of, for example, was the ancestors of the ancestors of the homes, who led the countless Mitamas and brought new energy to our homes in the midst of the remarkable seasons. It seems that people in the old days were thinking.


Old man


 Therefore, preparations for the houses to reach the spring were not simple.


It wasn't by childish logic of Enki that I used clothes and food that were all sunny and devoted myself to the pursuit of verbal behavior.


The priest was, of course, the role of the patriarch, but the house had to be separated from the politics, as in the case of one country, and an elderly man was selected from among the excellent young people.


The authority of the old man varies depending on the land.


By comparing them, you can see what was the New Year's affairs.


In Tokyo, etc., I think it's like an old man to sow beans, and even in a tough house, the old man only plays the role of drawing young water into a new tub, but in Shinshu Echigo and other villages It is a difficult fracture.


There is a place where the woman does not cook through the reams, or at least only the revised meals.


In some houses, a man prepares only the seven herbs and the red bean porridge of the 15th.


It is needless to say that it is the duty of the old man to offer it to the gods and pine ornaments, and for that reason, he must often use water to purify himself in this cold weather.


After that, many people perform various rituals centered on the 15th day, such as walnut ware's annual horoscope, leech mouth mosquito mouth, mosquito mouth ware grilled, torii mugura hit, I wonder if it will be There was no such thing as voluntary.