『青空文庫』にある作品を『Google Translate』で英訳してみました。



Depending on the land, the clause of modesty is different, but in general, I should have stayed away from my daily work and played without doing anything, so the result is often the same as rest, and this duty is difficult to keep. There wasn't.


However, as the world progresses and the circumstances of life change, and the number of people who want to work even on festival days and cannot help working increases, the problem becomes different.


Playing and just eating mochi wasn't a sacrifice, and of course I couldn't say it was good.


In the same way, I didn't allow anyone who tried to eat rice cakes while working as a regular day, but today I can't do anything about it.


Celebration and holidays were completely different things, but the boundary has become less clear these days because only the end of not working that day is similar.


On the islands of Okinawa, it was close to the popular belief that those who worked on Omatsui (festival) day were bitten by a habu.


In the past, it was an act that could be blamed openly, but the commandments gradually loosened, leaving only a sneaking proverb, such as the servant work of the coast.


Today, the word "holiday" was the preservation of a mysterious old trace.


Some people, even non-sectarians, still know that the history of Sunday is close to this, but even among us, the feeling of celebration is rarely considered.


Festivals and seasons


At the end, let's think about the word "festival" on public holidays.


The scope of the festival is a little narrow today, and it seems that it is limited to those held at shrines, but the festivals that are originally held at each house or under the cooperation of villages and villages are held outside the shrine. In terms of number, it was more than the festival at the shrine.


Not only were the words the same, but when you look closely, there was a clear common style.


There are circumstances in which the two were treated as separate, but anyway, the meaning of the word holiday became unclear at once.


Of all our festival days, the most national one is probably the Bon Festival.


It belonged to the jurisdiction of the Buddhist temple from early on, and was therefore interpreted by Buddhism and excluded from national holidays, but it was only a part of the change, and the fact is that it is also a tribute to the people. I can prove quite clearly that it was an Iwau day.


In the eastern half of Japan, there is still the Mitama Festival once again in the evening, as opposed to the Bon Festival, which has no negotiations with Buddhism and prepares pure rice and offers it to the ancestors. We also participate in this.


It is very similar to the Bon Festival, except that there is a special method for the soul who died in the name of the Ara Spirit.


In other words, the Bon festival was too focused on this person.


Other than the Bon Festival and the New Year, I couldn't think of a festival without a festival.


There is a permanent altar between the fronts of the houses, which is called a Kamidana, and it is supposed to gather before the festival to celebrate, but in the past it was probably a practice to set up a temporary clean seat every day. I think.


The Kamidana is also called the Shinshin-shelf, and the number of newly solicited gods has increased, and along with this, the gods of the festivals that have come to the festival have also become famous.


Toshigami or New Year's gods are worshiped on New Year's Day, and there are people who are called Bon-sama in Bon and even Bon-god.


In addition, when starting farming in the spring, the god of Koto is celebrated as Okoto, and when the harvesting in autumn is completed, the god of the pig is worshiped on the day of October. I'm calling the name of.


I thought that there couldn't have been so many gods, all of them were the gods of the house, and perhaps the gods of their ancestors, but people were too obsessed with common practice. I was unaware of this gradual transition.


Then, on the one hand, there is a new Shinto that tries to confirm the name of the god that the shrine worships by all means in the book of history, so it seems that the two pine trees are completely different here. The number of people who think about it has increased, and it has become even more difficult to ask about the roots of holidays.