『青空文庫』にある作品を『Google Translate』で英訳してみました。



This is the point that I will answer in advance to the general.


For babies and quiet people who can sleep whenever they get sleepy, sleep is not only bad, or even pleasure, but in the past there were few such people, and in some cases they could not sleep, much more than now. There were many.


Nebuta itself was not a disaster, and he worked so hard and was tired so much that he was unhappy to sleep when he should have been awake.


I first noticed when I was in Tsushima, but the word Oyasumi or Oshizukani is still used in the usual resignation at night, and the word Oizatona is still used on that island.


Even if you go to Goto, some people have forgotten the meaning and say hello to Oizat or Isatobai.


Isatoi, even in standard language, is to wake up immediately after sleeping.


In other words, it only means that I shouldn't sleep too deeply, so I immediately fantasized that it was a tragic memorial of the past, such as the Mongol invasion.


However, according to Wataru Totoki's story, it seems that even in Chikugo-Yanagawa, at the house of Shibu, the child's father was decided to be Oizato.


If you look for it, it may still remain widely in Saigoku.


In other words, it was not happy for the old-fashioned people to fall asleep without waking up even if they hit it too hard.


This is still widespread for Ohayo in the morning.


Sleeping too well and getting up late was still not something that the townsfolk should celebrate.


It's just that he didn't suffer from this sleepiness as much as he went out into the field with a star.


Of course, there are many people who think that it is strange to know that it is possible to wash away such nebuta next time.


This is the idea that there is a day when the birth day of the year, that is, the method, has a lot of effect, and the wishes made on that day can be achieved better than usual, and there is always an agent for disaster and harm. The belief that the consequences can be avoided in advance by negotiating at the right time and method, because these two were old and not now, or were common sense in the past and are now part of the superstition. So, just as it is strange and absurd to those who do not admit this, it is a subject of folk psychology that has not progressed at all at present that those who admit it and do not doubt it naturally explained it.


It was an experience, though imperfect, that if you wash your hair on July 7th, it will fall off well, and if you swim in water seven times, you will be healthy.


Among them, the one that remained until the end was the pursuit of insects in the rice fields.


It seems that rain-making was once thought to be the work of a demon similar to this, and drought the god of drought in a similar style.


The 15th day of the New Year was most often used for the day-set activities, but the evening of the full moon was recognized as valuable in other months, and the first and second strings were valued next. It was thought that the 17th day, which was separated from the front and back, was an important date.


My method doesn't try to formulate a theory and then derive an explanation, but only to find the law by facts, so I can't make a definite decision unless the material is complete, but at least it has been collected so far. It can only be inferred from the illustrations that the seven days, especially the seven days of the New Year and July, seemed to have had some special significance.



Before thinking about it for a moment, it was not necessarily a historical fantasy of letting "sleep" by preaching what kind of disaster was going to be eliminated on these most effective festivals of the year. Let's take an example.


Insect chasing is now done only when pests occur, but there is also a custom in Oshu to exterminate fleas on June Sakuday every year.


The dialect of Rumex japonicus is called Nominofune, and it is believed that if you sprinkle it indoors and collect it later, the fleas will ride on it and go to the sea.


The ceremony of grilling the mouth of a pit viper or a mosquito, or grilling a leech or a pit viper is performed as if it were the evening of Setsubun without insects, or the evening of the First Full Moon Festival. do.


Because of this, there is also a land called Hebimukaji.